Study on Gospel according to Mark – Chapter 2

Mark 2:1-12 – Jesus Heals a Paralytic
As a result of Jesus teaching and miracles, Jesus’ popularity grew rapidly. So many wanted to hear Him that they filled the house in Capernaum where He was teaching and crowded around it.

Vs. 2 – And many were gathered together, so that there was no longer room [for them], no, not even about the door: and he spake the word unto them.

Jesus always spoke the Word of God. Without the Word of God, Jesus never spoke anything and people followed Him because of the Word of God.
Today many follow Jesus for other reasons for benefits but look at the people, they followed Jesus because for the Word of God. 

 One of them was paralyzed and the other four carried him on a stretcher. It was impossible for them to get in through the door, so they climbed up on the roof, dug a hole in it and let the paralytic down through the opening they had created. You can imagine the commotion among the crowd in the house below.

Jesus’ preaching and miracles drew multitudes of people to Him (Mark 1:28, 32, 35-37, 45)

Details of the miracle (Mark 2:6-12)
The scribes reason in their hearts: “Why does this Man speak blasphemies?” “Who can forgive sins but God?”
Jesus perceives their thoughts (cf. John 2:25; Rev. 2:23; Ps.139:1-2) and questions their assumptions.
Jesus heals the paralytic to demonstrate that “the Son of Man” has power to forgive sins
The description “Son of Man” is used for self designation by both Ezekiel and Jesus ; its significance here may relate more to Daniel 7:13-14.
The power of Jesus to heal physical infirmity is a visible SIGN of his power to forgive iniquity.

When Jesus saw the faith they had demonstrated, He told the lame man that his sins were forgiven.
That was probably not what the man had expected, but it is every man’s greatest need.
The scribes who were present thought Jesus had blasphemed because God alone can forgive sins.
Jesus read their minds and asked: Which is easier to say–your sins are forgiven, or get up and walk? To prove His ability to forgive sins (something invisible and therefore impossible to verify), He healed the paralytic who then got up and walked.
Jesus proved His power to conquer invisible, spiritual problems by overcoming a visible, physical problem. The crowd was dumbfounded. They had never seen anything to compare with Jesus.

Mark 2:13-17 – Jesus Socializes with Outcasts
One of Jesus’ more surprising actions was calling Levi to be a disciple. Levi had been a tax collector. In that era, tax collectors were viewed as both thieves and traitors because they used dishonest tactics to raise funds for the hated Roman invaders. 

Later, Levi held a banquet in Christ’s honor. He invited his friends: other tax collectors and sinners. The scribes and Pharisees were outraged because they thought it improper for a teacher of religion to eat with immoral people. When Jesus overheard their criticism, He asked: Who needs a doctor–the sick or the well? His purpose, He said, was not to call righteous, but sinners. The Lord never hesitated to break society’s norms and customs.

Mark 2:18-22 – Jesus’ Disciples Don’t Fast
Some of the Pharisees and disciples of John came to Jesus asking why He and His disciples didn’t fast like other religious people did.
Jesus explained by illustration. He said that no one would fast at a time of celebration, such as a wedding.
His own presence on the earth made it a joyous time of feasting because He was the bridegroom.

Fasting should fit the occasion, it was inappropriate in this situation.
He also explained that just as no one would put new wine in old bottles or a new patch on old jeans, it was equally out of place to put the newly revealed gospel of Christ into the old traditional forms of the Jews.
Fasting was just not the right thing to do when the Son of God Himself was present.

Mark 2:23 – 28 – Disciples Break Sabbath Traditions
The more popular Jesus became, the more outspoken His opponents’ attacks. Jesus and His disciples provided easy targets for their critics, because they refused to follow the religious traditions of their age. Jewish tradition regarding the Sabbath day prohibited all activity, including plucking grain to eat, but Jesus and His followers ignored these cherished doctrines.

When the Jewish officials criticized the disciples, Jesus defended their actions by noting His opponents’ inconsistency: they justified David when he broke God’s law, but they condemned Him when He merely violated men’s traditions.
Then He explained that God had intended for the Sabbath command to provide relief for man, not be an additional burden. Finally, Jesus proclaimed His authority over the Sabbath saying that He Himself was Lord of the Sabbath. If Jesus created the Sabbath, surely He knew what activities violated it.

When the Jewish officials criticized the disciples, Jesus defended their actions by noting His opponents’ inconsistency: they justified David when he broke God’s law, but they condemned Him when He merely violated men’s traditions.
Then He explained that God had intended for the Sabbath command to provide relief for man, not be an additional burden. Finally, Jesus proclaimed His authority over the Sabbath saying that He Himself was Lord of the Sabbath. If Jesus created the Sabbath, surely He knew what activities violated it.

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